Ordinary table salt is sodium chloride. What is baking soda?
A. Potassium Chloride
B. Potassium Carbonate
C. Sodium Carbonate
D. Sodium bicarbonate
1. Russia – Largest country in the world by far with a size of 17,098,242 square km (6,601,668 square mi).
2. Canada – Second largest in the world and largest in the Americas with 9,984,670 square km (3,855,100 sq ml). It is also the country with the most water in the world (8.93% of it’s total size is water).
3. United States of America – Third largest in the world: 9,629,091 sq km (3,717,813 sq mi).
(Skyline of Manhattan).
4. China – Fourth in the world and the largest in Asia: 9,706,961 sq km (3,747,879 sq mi).
5. Brazil – 5th largest in the world and the largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere: 8,514,877 sq km (3,287,612 sq mi). Brazil is home to the Amazon River which is one of the longest rivers in the world.
6. Australia – 6th largest in the world and the largest country in Oceania, as well as the largest country without land borders: 7,692,024 sq km (2,969,907 sq mi). Australia is also one of the countries with the Longest Coastlines in the World.
7. India – 7th largest in the world but less than half the size of Australia: 3,166,414 sq km (1,222,559 sq mi).
8. Argentina – 8th in the world with a size of 2,780,400 sq km (1,073,500 sq mi).
9. Kazakhstan – In the 9th place and just slightly smaller than Argentina: 2,724,900 sq km (1,052,100 sq mi).
10. Algeria – 10th largest in the world but the largest country in Africa: 2,381,741 sq km (919,595 sq mi).
When all 10 of the world’s largest countries are taken together, they total 49% of the earth’s entire 149 million square kilometres of land.
10. Black Sea.
The Black sea is on the 10 number in the list of deepest oceans and seas in the world with depth measuring 1,190 meters. This sea covers an area of 436,400 square kilometers after excluding the Sea of Azov. The Black sea also has the largest meromctic basin in the world. This particular basin is where the deep waters and the upper waters do not mix, which form the dark and deep color. The Black Sea looks dark and deep which matches its actual depth.
9. South China Sea.
The South China Sea has an average depth of 1.463 meters and this sea is a part of the Pacific Ocean, with an area spanning over 3,500,000 square kilometers. There are over 200 islands and reefs in this sea and they are known as Spratly Islands which cover an area of around 00 kilometers. The largest island of this group covers a distance of over 1.3 km in length. This sea also houses the Reed Tablemount, which is the largest seamount in the world.
8. Bering Sea.
The Bering Sea has an average depth of 1,491 meters and this deep sea houses the world’s largest submarine names as ‘Zhemchug Canyon’. This sea is a home to some of the most exotic wildlife and marine species like the sea Walrus, Sea lion and also the polar bear. This sea has North Pacific right Whale, Sea Whale and also the rare Humpback Whale and the Blue Whale.
7. Mediterranean Sea.
The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of around 1,501 meters and the deepest point in this water body is known as the ‘Calypso Deep’ which has a depth of 5,627 meters. Easily recognizable by its dark deep blue colored waters, the Mediterranean Sea is a home to a lot of exotic fish and corals. This sea makes its place between the two big continents of Africa and Europe due to which it has this name. The beaches of this sea are very famous among tourists all over the world.
6. Gulf of Mexico.
The Gulf of Mexico is around 1,614 meters and is also the ninth largest water body in the world. The deepest point in the Gulf of Mexico is the ‘Sigsbee Deep’, which is 4,384 meter deep. The seven areas which are prominently deep in the Gulf of Mexico Basin, South Florida Continental Shelf and Slope, Northeast Gulf of Mexico, Western Gulf of Mexico, Campeche Bank, Northwest Gulf of Mexico and the Bay of Campeche.
5. Sea of Japan.
The Sea of Japan has an average depth of 1,666 meters and is very similar to the Mediterranean Sea. The Sea of Japan is connected to other seas by the Strait of Tartary, Tsugaru Strait, Kanmon Straits, La Perouse Strait and Korean Strait. This sea is very calm and does not experience a lot of differences in the underwater terrain and hence, the depth of this sea is constant and very less disturbed. This deep blue sea looks very pleasing when you look at it from flights or even while standing on the beach.
4. Caribbean Sea.
The beautifully blue Caribbean Sea has a average depth of 2,575 meters and is a sea in the Atlantic Ocean. It is also one of the largest salt water seas in the world which spans over an area mapping 2,754,000 square kilometers. The deepest point in the Caribbean Sea is the Cavman Trough which is 7,686 meters deep. The Hispaniola trench and the Puerto Rico Trench of the Caribbean Sea are very famous. This deep sea houses some of the most exotic and rare marine life species of the world.
3. Atlantic Ocean.
The Atlantic Ocean, which grabs the third position in the list of deepest oceans, goes 3.575 meters deep. It is also the second largest with respect to oceanic division which has an area measuring 106,400,000 square kilometers. The deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean is the ‘Puerto Rico Trench’, which is 8,605 meters deep. The Atlantic Ocean is the next youngest ocean after Indian Ocean compared to other major oceans of the planet. The Atlantic sea is known to have a lot of obstacles, especially icebergs and even the grand and royal ship ‘Titanic’ sank in the Atlantic.
2. Indian Ocean.
The Indian Ocean is the second deepest ocean in the world with an average depth of 3,840 meters and the volume of this massive water body is 292,131,000 cubic kilometers. It is also the warmest ocean in the world and despite of being the second deepest ocean, it is the youngest formed ocean among all the other major oceans in the world. The ocean is abundant with wide range of marine species and famous for its beautiful and different shades of blue waters especially when seen with an aerial view.
1. Pacific Ocean.
Pacific Ocean ranks number one when it comes to the deepest oceans in the world. It has an average depth of 3,939 meters with the World ocean division area of 169.2 million square kilometers. The Mariana Trench is the deepest area of the Pacific Ocean which is about 10,911 meters deep in the Blue Sea. Pacific Ocean also has the most number of seamounts, which are mountain chains submerged under the Sea. The famous seamount known as ‘Ring of Fire’ formed after a volcanic eruption is also submerged under this deep Ocean.
1. The brain is more active at night than during the day.
2. The higher your IQ, the more you supposedly dream.
3. Facial hair grows faster than any other hair on the body.
4. The nail on the middle finger grows faster than the other fingernails.
5. Fingernails grow nearly four times faster than toenails.
6. The lifespan of a human hair is 3 to 7 years on average.
7. The acid in your stomach is strong enough to dissolve zinc. It doesn’t destroy the stomach because the stomach walls constantly renews itself.
8. Women’s hearts beat faster than men’s.
9. Women blink twice as many times as men do.
10. Women are born better smellers than men and remain better smellers over life.
11. Men burn fat faster than women by a rate of about 50 calories a day.
12. Men get hiccups more often than women.
13. A man has approximately 6.8 liters of blood in the body while women have approximately 5 liters.
14. The largest cell in the body is the female egg and the smallest is the male sperm.
15. During your lifetime, you will produce enough saliva to fill two swimming pools.
16. Babies are born with blue eyes more than any other color. The melanin in their eyes needs time to be fully deposited or to be darkened by ultraviolet light to reveal the baby’s true eye color.
17. Men have erections every hour to hour and a half during sleep. This is because the combination of blood circulation and testosterone production can cause erections during sleep and are a necessary part of REM sleep.
18. After eating too much, your hearing is less sharp.
19. If your saliva cannot dissolve or mix with food, you will not be able to taste that food (try tasting something after drying off your tongue)
20. Noise causes the pupils of your eyes to dilate. Even very small noises can do this.
21. Everyone has a unique smell, unique fingerprint and unique tongue print.
22. By age 60, most people will have lost half their taste buds.
23. Your eyes remain the same size after birth but your nose and ears never stop growing.
24. A simple, moderately severe sunburn burns the blood vessels extensively.
25. We are about 1cm taller in the mornings than in the evenings.
26. The strongest muscle in the body is the human tongue.
27. The hardest bone in the human body is the jawbone.
28. The hands and feet contain almost half of the total bones in the human body.
29. About 32 million bacteria call every inch of your skin home, but they are mostly harmless and some of them are even helpful.
30. Humans shed and regrow outer skin every 27 days.
31. Three hundred million cells die in the human body every minute. Every day an adult produces 300 billion new cells.
32. The colder the room you sleep, the higher the chances are that you would get a nightmare.
33. Humans are the only species that produce emotional tears.
34. All babies are color blind at birth, they see only black and white.
35. The only part of your body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It gets its oxygen directly from air.
36. A normal human being can survive 20 days without eating but can survive only 2 days without drinking.
37. It is impossible to kill yourself by choking yourself with your hands.
38. Everybody has one strong eye and one weak eye.
39. Your skeleton keeps renewing itself every ten years which means that every ten years you get a new skeleton.
40. The human feet have 500,000 sweat glands and can produce more than a pint of sweat a day.
|Algeria||National People’s Assembly|
|Angola||National People’s Assembly|
|Britain||Parliment (House of Common’s & House of Lords)|
|Congo Democratic||Rep. of National Legislative Council|
|China||National People’s Congress|
|Chile||Chamber of Deputies and Senate|
|Comoros||Legislative Council and Senate|
|Costa Rice||Legislative Council and Senate|
|Cuba||National Assembly of People’s Power|
|Czech Republic||Chamber of Deputies and Senate|
|El Salvador||Legislative Assembly|
|East Timor||Constituent Assembly|
|Ethiopia||Federal Council and House of Representative|
|Fiji Islands||Senate & House of Representative|
|Greece||Chamber of Deputies|
|Indonesia||People’s Consultative Assembly|
|Italy||Chamber of Deputies and Senate|
|Korea(North)||Supreme People’s Assembly|
|Laos||People’s Supreme Assembly|
|Lesotho||National Assembly and Senate|
|Luxembourg||Chamber of Deputies|
|Libya||General People’s Congress|
|Malaysia||Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara|
|Mongolia||Great People’s Khural|
|Netherlands||The State General|
|New Zealand||Parliament (House of Representative)|
|Pakistan||National Assembly & Senate|
|Paraguay||Senate & Chamber of Deputies|
|Papua New Guinea||National Parliament|
|Romania||Great National Assembly|
|Russia||Duma & Federal Council|
|South Africa||Rep. House of Assembly|
|Saudi Arabia||Majlis Al Shura|
|Turkey||Grand National Assembly|
|Zaire||National Legislative Council|
1. Nile River, North-East Africa – 6,650 km (4,132 miles). Its water resources are shared by eleven countries, namely, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.In particular, the Nile is the primary water resource and life artery for Egypt and Sudan.
2. Amazon River, South America – 6,400 km (3,976 miles). Its the second longest river in the world and is by far the largest by water flow with an average discharge greater than the next seven largest rivers combined. The Amazon flows in the following countries: Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana.
3. Yangtze River, China – 6,300 km (3,917 miles). The longest river in Asia.
4. Mississippi – Missouri – Jefferson, North America – 6,275 km (3,902 miles). The Mississippi flows mainly in the United States (98.5%) and the rest in Canada (1.5%). It flows towards the Gulf of Mexico.
5. Yenisei – Angara – Selenge, Asia – 5,539km (3,445 miles). Flows mainly in Russia (97%) and the rest in Mongolia. The largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean. Rising in Mongolia, it follows into Russia and drains in the Kara Sea.
6. Yellow River, China – 5,464km (3,395 miles). Also known as Huang He, it is the second-longest river in Asia after the Yangtze.
7. Ob – Irtysh, Asia – 5,410km (3,364 miles). It flows in the following countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Mongolia.
8. Paraná – Río de la Plata, South America – 4,880km (3,030 miles). Flows in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay.
9. Congo – Chambeshi, Africa – 4,700km (2,922 miles) – The world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). It is the third largest river in the world by volume of water discharged.
10. Amur – Argun, Asia – 4,444km (2,763 miles). The river forms the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China.
PDF of some interesting fact about rivers – click here.
|Bengal’s Sorrow||Damodar River|
|Blue Mountains||Nilgiri Hills|
|City of Sky-scrapers||New York|
|City of Seven Hills||Rome|
|City of Dreaming Spires||Oxford|
|City of palaces||Kolkata|
|City of Golden Gate||San Francisco|
|City of Magnificent Buildings||Washington D.C.|
|City of Eternal Springs||Quito(S.America)|
|China’s Sorrow||Hwang Ho|
|Cockpit of Europe||Belgium|
|Empire City||New York|
|Forbidden City||Lhasa (Tibet)|
|Gate of Tears||Strait of Bab-el Mandeb|
|Gateway of India||Mumbai|
|Gift of the Nile||Eqypt|
|Granite City||Aberdeen (Scotland)|
|Herring Pond||Atlantic Ocean|
|Island of Cloves||Zanzibar|
|Isle of Pearls||Bahrein (Peesian Gulf)|
|Key of the Mediterranean||Gibralter|
|Land of Cakes||Scotland|
|Land of Golden Fleece||Australia|
|Land of Maple Leaf||Canada|
|Land of Midnight Sun||Norway|
|Land of the Thousand Lakes||Finland|
|Land of the Thunderbolt||Bhutan|
|Land of white Elephant||Thailand|
|Land of Five Rivers||Punjab|
|Land of Thousand Elephants||Laos|
|Land of Rising Sun||Japan|
|Loneliest Island||Tristan De Gunha (Mid-Atlantic)|
|Manchester of Japan||Osaka|
|Pillars of Hercules||Strait of Gibraltar|
|Pearl of the Antilles||Cuba|
|Playground of Europe||Switzerland|
|Queen of the Adriatic||Venice|
|Roof of the World||The Pamirs|
|Rose Pink City||Jaipur|
|Sugar bowl of the World||Cuba|
|Venice of the North||Stockholm|
|Whirteman’s grave||Guinea Coast of Africa|
|Yellow River||Huang Ho (China)|
If you want PDF of this particular document click here– Geographical Sobriquets (Surname).
TODAY IS 01-01-2018 SO HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL MY FRIENDS.
Present value of foreign currency in India.
1. Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)- Highest Currency Value in the World
The highest currency of the world is none other than Kuwaiti Dinar or KWD. The currency code for Dinars is KWD. The most popular Kuwait Dinar exchange rate is the INR to KWD rate. Indian expat community is very strong in Kuwait, hence the reason for being a popular currency pair. Kuwaiti Dinar has been the highest currency of the world for a while now because of the oil rich country’s economic stability.
1 Kuwaiti Dinar = 211.64 Indian Rupee.
2. Bahraini Dinar (BHD) – Second Highest Currency Value in the world
The dinar or BHD is the currency of Bahrain.The most popular Bahrain Dinar exchange rate is the INR to BHD rate. The currency code for Dinars is BHD, and the currency symbol is BD. Indians are the largest expat group in Bahrain and that explains the reason for INR to BHD popularity. Bahrain attracts expats from all over the globe because of the highest currency value.
1 Bahraini Dinar = 169.39 Indian Rupee.
3. Omani Rial (OMR)- Third Highest Currency Value in the world
The rial or OMR is the currency of Oman. Before 1940, Oman used INR as its official currency and this is why the most popular Rial exchange rate is INR to OMR Rate.
1 Omani Rial = 165.86 Indian Rupee.
4. Jordanian Dinar- JOD
The Jordanian dinar is the currency of Jordan. West Bank used Jordanian Donar and the Israeli shekel as well. The most popular Jordan Dinar exchange rate is the JOD to EUR rate.
1 Jordanian Dinar = 90.09 Indian Rupee.
5. British Pound (GPB)
The pound sterling (£)GBP, commonly known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha. The most popular United Kingdom Pound exchange rate is the EUR to GBP rate. Sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar, the euro, and the Japanese yen.
1 British Pound = 86.35 Indian Rupee.
6. Gibraltar Pound- GIP
The Gibraltar pound is the currency of Gibraltar. It is pegged to – and exchangeable with – the British pound sterling at par value. The central bank controlling the GIP, with the responsibility of minting coins and printing notes, is the Government of Gibraltar. The most popular Gibraltar Pound exchange rate is the EUR to GIP rate.
1 Gibraltar Pound = 86.31 Indian Rupee.
7. Caymanian Dollar-KYD
The Cayman Islands Dollar is the currency of the Cayman Islands. The most popular Cayman Islands Dollar exchange rate is the USD to KYD rate.
1 Cayman Islands Dollar = 76.70 Indian Rupee.
The euro or EUR is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain. As of January 2017, with more than 1,109,000,000,000 Euro in circulation, the euro has one of the highest combined values of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the U.S. dollar at one point.
1 Euro = 76.57 Indian Rupee.
9. Swiss Franc- CHF
The Swiss Franc or CHF is the currency of Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The most popular Switzerland Franc exchange rate is the EUR to CHF rate. Switzerland’s famously secretive banking sector made the national currency a safe haven for international capital. The country pegged the franc to the euro when it joined the currency union, opting for a dual system rather than choosing to abolish the franc.
1 Swiss Franc = 65.51 Indian Rupee.
10. United States Dollar: USD
The US Dollar is the currency of United States. The most popular United States Dollar exchange rate is the USD to EUR rate. Surprisingly at the bottom of the list even though it is the most traded currency in the world.
1 US Dollar = 63.88 Indian Rupee.
It is the largest dam in the world with respect to structural volume. It was completed in 1976 and it stores water from Indus river in Pakistan. The Tarbela reservoir created by the dam has a whopping surface area of 250 square kilometers! This does not just make Tarbela the largest dam in the world that is earth-filled, but also the fifth biggest dam in the world by volume.
A good time to visit Tarbela dam is during the summer, as during winters, the water level in the reservoir is relatively lower due to sedimentation. In fact, sedimentation has affected the lifespan of the dam too. Tarbela is predicted to be fully functional only till 2060. So, hurry!
How to reach: Tarbela is 437km away from Lahore and can be reached easily by road.
With a structural volume of 96 square kilometers, the Fort Peck dam in Montana is the second largest dam in the world, and one of the most incredible largest dam in the world. It is built alongside six other dams on the river Missouri and is the largest among them. Its reservoir creates the fifth largest man-made lake in the US- The Fort Peck Lake. It is also the longest dam in the world.
After seven years of repeated failures and reconstructions, the Fort Peck dam was finally completed in 1940. It is a must visit!
How to reach: You can take Highway 117 and 15 Miles South from US-2. The nearest town is Nashua.
Apart from being one of the largest dam in the world, Ataturk dam is also one of the tallest , and longest dam in the world with a height of 166 meters. It was built in the year 1990 along the Euphrates river in Turkey. It is a major tourist destination due to its large reservoir. Best time to visit the dam is from September to October, as this is when the famous Water Sports Festival and the International Ataturk Dam Sailing Competition take place.
How to reach: You can visit Ataturk Lake by travelling to Turkey.
It was built in 1968 alongside Lake Constance and IJsselmeer. Due to a long highway running on the dam, Houtribdijk is often called a “dike”. In fact, it is also called “dam of Enkhuizen-Lelystad” by the local people. It is also one of the most picturesque drives. Beautiful, beautiful view for an undisturbed 27 kilometers. This is one of our favourites in the largest dam in the world that you must visit.
How to reach: You can take the N302 highway in Netherlands to take a trip to this dam.
Apart from being one of the largest dams in the world, Oahe is also the second largest dam along the river Missouri. It was built in 1968 and creates the fourth largest artificial reservoir in USA: The Lake Oahe. The lake is a major source of tourist attraction due to its richness in biodiversity. It is home to various species of fishes and the endangered pallid sturgeon. The lake is also a great site for bird-watchers at this largest dam in the world! Oahe dam tours take place every day from Memorial day to Labour day.
How to reach: The dam is very close to North Dakota and can be reached via the freeway. The Oahe Lake stretches 231 miles from the dam and you will reach here first before reaching the lake.
This is one of the largest dam in the world in terms of embankment. Its construction completed in 1967, creating the Lake Diefenbaker upstream. The dam is named after the longtime Canadian federal cabinet minister- James G. Gardiner.
The Gardiner dam is a famous tourist destination in Canada. It is open daily from 9 AM to 5 PM and boasts of a lavish Visitor Reception Centre. A drive across the dam offers us a variety of food, souvenir shops and an informative movie screening showcasing the history of the dam and how it was built, it is also one of the oldest and biggest dam in the world. Nearby parks to this one of worlds largest dam also offer camping, hiking and picnic facilities.
How to reach: You can visit the dam by driving on Highway 44 which is 20 kilometres west of a town called Macrorie or take Highway 219 which is 100 kilometres south of Saskatoon.
The picturesque Mangla dam is in the disputed Kashmir valley, or what is also called the “Azad Kashmir”. It was completed in 1967 on the river Jhelum. Due to its controversial location, it was not open to visitors till a few years ago. However, amidst tight Army security, now it is. There is a Water Sports Club at Mangla offering boating and some other facilities. Also, one can plan a day trip to Mangla dam as the drive is amazing and on the way, one could visit the famous Rohtas Fort on the GT road as well.
How to reach: You can travel to the Mirpur Cantt in Mirpur, Pakistan. The Mangla Fort and the Mangla Sports Club also gives you a good look at the dam.
It was built in 1968 across the Feather river in California. It is the tallest dam in the USA and forms the touristy Lake Oroville as an impoundment. The dam is open on all days and has a lot to offer with respect to scenic beauty and knowledge. There is a provision of various guided and self-guided tours. Lake Oroville in itself offers a wide range of biking, camping and fishing facilities. Just around the lake, one could visit the magnificent Father Falls and the Bald Rock. This could easily be an ideal day picnic. When are you going?
How to reach: The dam and the lake are 75 miles away from Sacramento, and can easily be reached by road.
1.Which is the highest mountain in Australia ?
Answer: Mount Kosciuszko
2.Which is the Highest Mountain in Europe ?
3.Which is the Highest mountain in Asia?
4.Which is the Highest mountain in South America ?
5.Which is the Highest mountain in North America ?
Answer: Mount McKinley
6.Which is the Highest mountain in Antarctica ?
Answer: Vinson Massif
7.Which is the Highest mountain in Africa ?